Going forward: Future of the Internet and Libraries

Over the past couple of months, I looked at the different internet and web-based tools used by libraries and in our everyday lives. Here is a summary of all the tools I learned for my Red River College Intro to Multi-Media course. Starting with Web 2.0 it plays a huge role in how we interact and share information online in social media and other communication sites. Additionally, blogs and microblogging allow us to share our thoughts and ideas in-depth rather than short posts found on Twitter. Wikis are sites allowing users to create their pages and collaborate each other on anything from projects to camping trips. Podcasting and video sharing enable us to share our voices to listeners all over the world. Social bookmarking and cataloging lets us create an index of websites, and other users can add their links to the index as well. Productivity tools and cloud services make content creation easy to manage and stored on the internet with ease.

All of these tools and services play a vital role in the library. To give you an idea of how all these tools and services fill that role:

With Web 2.0 and all of these tools, libraries can:

  1. Reach out to patrons more efficiently with new information about the unique theme of the month and classes for a particular service through blogs, social media, podcasts and video sharing sites like YouTube.
  2. Create a catalogue of websites which library staff can save new sites and share with others.
  3. Able to store and look up information with ease on the internet making certain services more straightforward to manage.

Here are some more sites I didn’t cover over these past few months.

Weebly: Weebly is a website builder site that allows anyone to create their website similar to Squarespace. This site allows up, and coming libraries because setting up a website on Weebly are easy to do, and it provides beautiful themes to make your site look good. This site is good for a public library to help patrons create their website if they are interested.

Glogster: A content creator site is allowing users to create interactive posters for school projects, sports reports, and lectures. On their projects, users can type information into text boxes, add videos and photos with links to various sites. This site is suitable for elementary and high schools because it does do projects and learning more fun.

Lab 10 Q&A:

1. Out of all of the tools we reviewed this year, which ones were most interesting to you?

I loved learning about the different tools and services found on the internet. I have used most of the services I learned throughout the previous labs. However, one service/websites fascinated me are wikis. I like the idea of being able to collaborate and create a page for anything! Blogs are another favourite of mine to learn in the labs. I never read or created one until this lab. Thus it was an enlightening experience.

2. Were there any tools that we didn’t explore that you would have like to have learned more about?

    a. If so, please name them and explain why they are of interest to you.

I think these labs cover everything I wanted to learn.

3. Overall, what did you take away from this course this semester?

Just how everything is connected and having the ability to collaborate with other users is excellent.




A New Way to Share: Cloud Computing in Libraries

Cloud computing is an easy way to share what we have created on the internet for others. It is a new phenomenon. Cloud computing is defined as cloud computing/storage as a means to manage, house, access and share most of the data on the internet rather than a hard drive. Most applications and software I examined on my blog, use cloud computing. The sharing aspects of cloud computing make this possible.

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There are some of the types of cloud services I use both professionally, and personally and cloud services and how they affect individuals and businesses.

Pure cloud services:

Google Drive: I use this service mainly for Red River College for writing essays and notes. Google Drive is a storage app operating on the internet. It comes with Google sub apps like Docs, Sheets and Slides. It is available on most devices like PCs, tablets and smartphones.

Apple iCloud: As an Apple user on my iPhone, I use their cloud storage regularly. It is exclusive to Apple devices. This service allows me and other Apple users to link and store contacts, calendar events, email, etc. It also works with Apple’s document sheets like Pages (Word), Excel (Numbers) and PowerPoint (Keynote). This service also helped me and others find their iPhones and Apple devices with the Find my iPhone feature through the user’s information and the internet.

There are a lot of ways libraries use Cloud computing as a tool for their institution and services:

  1. It makes the library’s catalogue and data accessible on the internet.
  2. Revolutionizes library management from a top-down approach.
  3. Allows librarians to do other tasks besides manually storing data themselves.

I like the idea of fitting in an entire library catalogue and making it easier to access for patrons any time anywhere.

I believe privacy is a fundamental right, especially in libraries. Because patron records need to be kept in a secure vault containing sensitive information without feeling compromised.


Showing Your Work, Slideshare in Libraries By Stuart Maddocks

I looked at a bunch of media services throughout our world and how libraries use them in a formal or informal setting. A lot of these tools and services are part of Web 2.0 which brings more interaction for the user on the web. Social media, wikis, social cataloging, bookmarking and browsing are all part of Web 2.0. This blog will reflect my experience with on collaborative tools and how it relates to libraries.

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I looked at Slideshare as my site of choice. Slideshare is a site dedicated to creating, uploading presentations, videos and infographics. When a user enters the main page, they show a variety of slide templates to choose from the main page. The main shows Today’s Top Slideshares and Feature Slideshares below them. After a user looks at a slide, they give recommended similar presentations to see more. The main page also shows daily headlines, courses relating to Linkedin, social media trends and conferences by business. Users on the site can sign up for an account to create their work.

Users can also look at the presentations themselves. As they view a presentation, they can look through the presentation by clicking on the arrows left or right to go back and forward respectively. Arrows are pointing diagonally to go full screen and press Esc to close. On the presentation page, users can look at statistics of who has looked at the presentation and provide comments.

Slideshare also provides courses for newcomers. They teach the user how to create a presentation from the basics to advanced skills by professional business people. There are powerpoint courses as well. It is set up similarly to the presentation courses. In these course pages, users can search for skills, topics or software. When a user looks up a topic, it shows presentations and different formats like powerpoint or video.

This site is perfect for public libraries because anyone can upload and share their work with others. It is also good for a library-related job because it helps workers create presentations for events and data sheets for upcoming reports. Another thing that’s helpful about Slideshare is its daily trends feature showcasing the latest technology around the world. This feature is useful because it would help librarians what to get for their library.



Podcasts and Ideas: Building Better Libraries.

I love listening to podcasts. I like learning about various topics on the subject and laughing at a comedy podcast as well. They are available through a variety of devices from smartphones to laptops on different services like Spotify which I use, iTunes, and other forms of apps. This blog, I am going over some of the histories of podcasts, what they are and how libraries plus their patrons would use podcasts.

Podcasting in Plain English: a basic overview

What are podcasts? Audio files released in parts as an episodic series. Listeners can subscribe, download and listen to the podcast on their devices.

How does it work?

It is a way for users to show their personality and ideas with others. It requires a lot of set up like making a movie or writing a paper.

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Here’s how you can get started:

  1. Planning and production: Some things to consider before starting.
    1. Theme: Find a topic you’re passionate about. The more knowledgeable about the subject or idea, you are more likely to have fun while making your podcast! If you are feeling confident, you can expand your topic to other ones!
    2. Episode length and format: Consider your audience with time length. Keep a consistent length for all episodes
    3. Script: It’s good to have an outline for your text. It is especially helpful if you are creating multiple segments.
    4. Scheduling: Most podcast run weekly or biweekly as the norm for episode releases.
  2. Equipment: What you need for your podcast
    1. Recording software: there are tons of software for your podcast needs. For beginners, an Audacity is an excellent software since it is compatible with most systems.
    2. USB Microphones: These are needed to make sure everyone is heard loud and clear.
    3. Mixer: Can control your voice and add effects as well as saving it onto a file.
    4. Headphones: To allow you and your guests to hear you more clearly, thus mixers are necessary if you are going to use them.
    5. Pop filter: able to suppress the popping sounds from the air.
  3. Recording and editing: Getting started with post-production.
    1. Recording: It’ll be okay if you are having problems, even the professionals get issues from time to time. After your episode is done, the recorded file is finished.
    2. Post-Production: make sure while you are editing, everything sounds the same. If you are using any sound effects, make sure you can hear the speakers.
    3. Uploading to a host site: Must save a file online and in another location. WordPress is a great starter site for beginners of podcasting.
    4. Indexing: A podcast is an XML file which can be indexed. WordPress uses XML feeds for podcasting. IF you are using Apple iTunes, you must follow their specifications. Remember to upload it other streaming apps like Google Music, Stitcher and Soundcloud.
  4. Distribution: getting your ideas across on Apple and Google
    1. Social media: Social Media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, are a great way to reach an audience while you post a link to that podcast.
    2. Website: Once it is uploaded there, it is a good idea to provide as much information about your show as you can.
    3. Repeat: After the first couple of episodes are uploaded, keep doing the same processes repeatedly.

Podcasting by the American Library Magazine

Why some librarians make their own podcasts:

Andromeda Yelton of Open Paron explains it’s for the connectivity and to talk about cool aspects of the library world.

Michael Schofield and Amanda L. Goodman of LibUX say what to delve into library education and it is cost effective.

Joseph Janes of  Information School of the University of Washington, produces Documents That Changed the World, explores documents and how anything can be a historical record.

Podcasts for librarians:

They are great for those who don’t have as much free time as most people. There are top quality podcasts for any veteran or aspiring librarians:

  1. Adventures in YA: discusses young adult literature.
  2. Better Library Leaders: explores ways to advance your career as a librarian.
  3. Beyond the Stacks: discusses unexpected career choices for librarians and technicians.
  4. Book Club for Masochists: Librarians discuss a book that they hate in a monthly theme.
  5. Book Riot: Weekly talk show about trends of literature.

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Some thought-provoking ones:

  1. Cyberpunk Librarian: Created and hosted by Daniel Messer, explores trends, ideas relevant to new technology for library use.
  2. T is for Training: An laid-back series about how to train new librarians.
  3. LibUX: discusses design and user experience found in libraries.
  4. Open paren: a podcast about libraries, librarians, coding and programming.
  5. Adventures in Library Instruction: a Monthly show about information literacy, and teaching in libraries.

Podcasts by the Library of Congress:

  1. From the Catbird Seat Poetry from the library of Congress: archived recording of readings of various poems.
  2. La Biblioteca: an exploration of poems from the Iberian Peninsula.
  3. National Book Festival: Interviews with award-winning authors.
  4. Q&A with the LCM: interviews with newsmakers, opinionators, curators and experts in their field.
  5. A Celebration of Mexico: a conference of speakers from Mexico.

Lab 7 Q&A

  1. Which library podcast did you listen to? Circulating Ideas.
  2. Why did you choose this podcast? I am interested in how libraries can evolve into great study spaces for everyone.
  3. What was the focus of the podcast and who was it geared towards? (What was it about library instruction, library policies, popular books, etc…? Was it geared towards school library staff, academic library staff, public library staff or library patrons?) It is focused on library policy, how to deal with fake news(quality, accuracy and authoritative information), library values, building trust across institutions especially libraries to reach out to patrons, education on how to access information and creating space for discourse and teens. It is geared towards library staff because this information is necessary for a functioning library. Some issues librarians have to deal with is what they do, what they have and integrate disciplines.
  4. Did you enjoy this podcast? Why or why not? I enjoyed it a lot. It was informative and helped recognize some of the challenges libraries face in society and how they can overcome it.

Creative Expression: Photo and Video sharing in Libraries

There’re many ways to express one’s self to their audience. Writing is a common form of communication with others. Librarians write blogs about upcoming trends, favourite books in their library’s collection and future events. They can bookmark and articles from the web to their blog, websites or account from social networking and bookmarking sites like: del.ici.ous. Wikis are another site libraries can use to express and collaborate with each other on new ideas, equipment and trends. Recently, libraries are taking advantage of photo sharing apps like Instagram and Snapchat. I use these apps frequently, and they are a great way to capture the experience and essence of the moment the photo was taken.

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What are photo and video sharing?

Here’s a revised definition from Tyndale University: photo and video sharing sites allow users to share and collaborate photos and videos publically or privately if the admin of the album chooses, often organized thematically. Works uploaded to the site are usually created by users and are discouraged from uploading copyrighted material.

An even basic definition and overview of photo-sharing:

Libraries often use different photo sharing sites to reach their patrons across all ages.

Each site has a different look and feel of how they operate and share their photos and videos on their online albums.


The search results for libraries on their search bar provides a basic overview of the library profile, photos uploaded and followers. Looking at the British Library’s profile, I like what they post on their site. They post pictures, illustrations, cartoons, and maps.

The Library of Congress posts mainly photographs of people from different eras. It is perfect for those interested in how everyone dressed back then. I am passionate about history, so this profile is excellent for me and others interested in history.

Instagram and Snapchat

Libraries take advantage of Instagram as well for sharing photos. Instagram is a social media platform dedicated to directly uploading pictures. How it works is with a smartphone camera, users take an image of their subject, edit within the app and post instantly. The Posts are then organized and searchable through keywords, and hashtags based on a theme. Many libraries use this photo-sharing app as well. Teenagers and Young adults use Instagram as well. Thus it is perfect for libraries to connect with them. Viewed. On Snapchat, the difference is the post is then deleted after it was posted. So librarians need to consider timing and the frame to get the best post across.

Here are some library profiles:


British Library
Library of Congress


New York Public Library
Winnipeg Public Library

YouTube and Vimeo:

Another popular site to post content is YouTube and Vimeo. There are video sharing sites allowing content creators to show their work. Libraries often post videos of lectures, guest talks, tours, what’s in their collection and unique features in the facility.

Some examples of posts by libraries.

Toronto Public Library

Great Big Story

How do libraries use photo and video sharing sites?

Libraries use Instagram, Flickr, YouTube and Snapchat to get their institutions a welcoming place to visit, especially kids and teenagers. These websites are a great way to get kids to the library because posts can give them a sense of what’s inside the building and overcoming library anxiety. They share their posts through hashtags allowing users and other libraries see what’s going between each building. Libraries create videos on various topics through affordable and time efficient manner.


Lab 6 Q&A

  1. What is the name of your library and where is it located?

The New York Public Library in New York City.

  1. What is your chosen library using their photo or video sharing account for? (Ex: are they advertising programs, sharing photos of the library space, advertising what the library has to offer in general? etc…)

Sharing pictures of patrons posing based on the images on the cover of books. They also post photos and short videos of their collection and displays. Additionally, the library posts old photos, maps of New York and the Public Library.

  1. Do the photos/videos appeal to you? If you were a patron, would you be more interested in visiting this library after looking at this site? Why or why not?

Yes for sure to both questions. I like going to large libraries and exploring what the Public Library has to offer.

  1. Do you have any suggestions as to how this library could improve their photo or video sharing?

No, the profile is excellent.


Connectivity and Organization: Libraries using Social Networking by Stuart Maddocks

Libraries use social networking daily. It is a great way to share information and post articles just like social media. I have used social media myself. This is the first time I heard about social networking and bookmarking in a personal and professional setting. Tagging and bookmarking make this connectivity and knowledge sharing much more accessible. Common tagging and bookmarking sites include de.lico.us and Pinterest. According to Wikipedia, social networking is a hub which users connect through similar interests. Social networking and social cataloguing became a new phenomenon for libraries, and its use is changing rapidly.

Let’s dig into social networking!

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Social Networking in Plain English

The video explains why social networking is important:

  1. Social networking makes connections with others more comfortable.
  2. Help us find jobs, homes and partners.
  3. You are able to be part of someone else’s network, contact them more easily.
  4. Networking with others becomes more visible than physical connections.
  5. Use of social media by the library.

70% of libraries are using social media.

Libraries and their patrons benefit from social networking because it helps:

  1. Promote purposes
  2. Collection management
  3. Outreach
  4. To enhance teaching and learning
  5. How patrons use social media and how successful it is.

Taylor and Francis examined social media behaviour in libraries in the US, UK and India. They found five trends:

  1. Current social media practices: variation of social media used in a library setting, including challenges and benefits associated with it
  2. Social media policies and management: with usage time increasing exponentially, libraries introduced rules limiting tone, timing and content.
  3. Effectiveness: Taylor and Francis looked into the data of social media activity in libraries and what users they are reaching out to.
  4. Promoting library social media channels: How libraries showcased their social media profiles, studied popular practices and how staff go about their patterns.
  5. The future for social media in the library: focused groups agreed that libraries use social media as a communication tool.

Here’s the infographic for more information.

Social Bookmarking and Social Cataloguing:

Wikipedia definition, “Centralized online service which allows users to add, annotate, edit and share bookmarks of web documents.”

 Social Bookmarking in Plain English:

With 15 billion web pages, it can be difficult to pick out the best ones The old way through one web page on one computer is an inefficient way to find the best pages.

Delicious.com makes bookmarking useful and fun.

  1. Go to delicious.com, create a profile and add the button to your homepage.
  2. Click tag to save web pages on delicious. Adding tags and bookmarking organizes sites with all information and labels are listed.
  3. Because Delicious is public, others can share and add their sites.

Social Cataloguing: Users can catalogue their belongings: books, music, movies and more to manage and organize them more efficiently.

HLWIKI Canada defines social cataloguing as, “kind of social networking site where crowd-sourced content, commentaries about books and reviews of reading materials found in library collections are shared.”

Some examples of Social cataloguing:

“Good sentences” From the University of Michigan Law Library

How to write proper sentences. Different writers use different styles.

Series of excerpts to creating legal memos and documents. To be a good writer, you need to read good writing.

Beyond Facebook and Twitter

There are other sites dedicated to social networking, bookmarking and cataloguing in libraries.


  • Stay connected and expand ideas, network and promoting service
  • Connect with others you know, join groups, be an active user.
  • Promote the library with a company page, programming using events and share updates with groups!


  • Businesses, non-profits and libraries are sharing ideas, work and connecting with people.
  • Creative and cutting-edge way to engages with users.
  • Ways libraries use Pinterest: Sharing new acquisitions, promoting library activities, research, encouraging active reading for kids and teenagers, ideas for displays and programs, highlight staff achievements, provide learning material for students and parents, etc.

Social Bookmarking and Cataloguing Types and their use in Libraries

Do I prefer one site over another? Or do I use a different place altogether?

StumbleUpon: A discovery engine of entertainment personalized. Helps discover web pages never seen before, advertiser-friendly.

Digg: Marketing friendly. Users submit and share content under the sites main topics: Business, Entertainment, Gaming, Lifestyle, Offbeat, Politics, Science, Sports, Technology, and World News. Content is decided by other users, giving one a chance to connect with others.

Reddit: Useful for jobs, personal life and hobbies. Great for obtaining information through subscribing to different pages. Best to have an account, so I don’t fall into the rabbit hole. Best way to do that is to find topics interesting to you and subscribing to RSS feeds.

I prefer Reddit because I am able to look up and post whatever I want freely on any topic, anytime.

Social bookmarking and cataloguing for libraries.

Folksonomies and Social tagging :

  • Around in the 21st century to allow users to create tags.
  • Tagging is the creation of keywords and sorting them with similar information, picture, even a library record.
  • Folksonomy system arises from tagging.
  • Tagging helps find books easier.
  • Able to find what’s out there
  • Critics point out the lack of precision used to find books.

Creates a foundation and pool of information/tags for patrons to find.

Libraries use del.icio.us frequently like the Missouri River Regional Library.

Allows librarians to add or edit from any source.

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Lab 5 Q&A:

  1. Which tool did you choose to explore? Social cataloguing.
  2. What is the name of the library using that tool, and what type of library is it? (Public, academic, school, special) North-central library, it is an academic library.
  3. What is the purpose of the use of that tool? (For example: Are they using it to market the library, themselves, a specific aspect of the library, an event at the library, a service the library offers, etc..?) “Research process” by a Northcentral library provides resources to do proper research. Ranges from brainstorming to Scholarly publication. By hovering the mouse over gives a preview of in the topic and clicking on it reveals the themes. Clicking on ‘Brainstorming’ it opens up steps, graphs and different methods of coming up with ideas. For Scholarly publication: provides resources, copyright notices, how to avoid predatory articles and how to publish an article.
  4. In your opinion, is the library using the tool effectively, and why or why not? Yes, it uses social cataloguing effectively. The library organizes topics by a step by step approach with its subfolders arranged that way as well.
  5. Do you use any of the social cataloguing or bookmarking sites mentioned in this lab? No

a- If so, what do you use?

b- If not, do any of them interest you or would you consider using one? I have been interested in Reddit due to the way people post and share news after it came out.

6.- What do you think are the pros and cons of social cataloguing and bookmarking from a library perspective? The pros are being able to share information based on commonality and relevancy. Another one is anyone can add their own links to the bookmarking site. Cons are the difficulty organizing them in a structured format from important to least important.


Apps and Libraries: A Seem-less Experience by Stuart Maddocks

Libraries are becoming more connected. Applications also are known as apps are driving this connectivity even more. They are everywhere: in our phones and computers. Apps are handy for everyday life from using social media to having an entire library catalogue in our pockets! In lab 3 for Intro to Multimedia, I investigated the ways libraries use apps for their services to patrons. They use them in lots of ways.

History and Overview of apps

According to the Guardian, “apps emerged from the early PDAs…Shake eventually to the first Apple app store with 500 applications.” Apps and smartphones developed through three phases:

1. Telephony
2. Gaming and Utilities
3. Integrating with home screen

Developers try to maximise the app’s effectiveness without attracting attention. Developers referred the apps as a “card”- ability to carry what we see like Facebook, across devices. Reveals the intelligent aggregation within the apps. Eventually, apps could be replaced by brands for customers. With the “Multi-screen”, a single involvement through an internet terminal makes connectivity a seem-less experience.
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Apps explained by Common Craft:

In the video, users have been using apps for years. Apps began as a simple computer program and continuously evolving. Apps change your computers into your studios or job. Some of these apps can be bought and require no internet, i.e. Microsoft Word.

Libraries and Applications:

Librarians and their institutions love apps. Applications foster innovation, creativity, active participation and collaboration. They’re user-friendly, encourages learners to explore and discover. Topics in the apps cover from Shakespeare to content creation. Apps are used by librarians for different reasons. There are apps for e-readers, multi-taskers to the news on their phone.

American Association for School Libraries
Library Science List for librarians

Top apps for librarians and teachers from Pinterest:
1. Tips to use certain technology
2. Library theme posters
3. Memes and
4. Top ten genre books.

Some examples of a library app:
Winnipeg Public Library
Library of Congress
Penn Libraries Health Sciences
Prospect High School
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Intro to Multimedia Lab 4 Questions and Answers

1. What is the app you’ve chosen, what is it used for, and why did you choose it?
I have chosen the BARD app. It is an application to allow blind people to listen and feel the text in brail. Plus, help those find an accessible library.

2. Could you find any libraries using the app? If yes- What is the name of the library using that app, and what type of library is it? (Public, academic, school, special). If no- Describe what type of library could use this app and why it would be relevant for your chosen library type. A public library can use the app. Out of principle for being open and accessible for all patrons.

3. In your opinion, is this app a useful one for libraries, and why or why not?
Yes, if the libraries have an account to use the app. But it is useless if one doesn’t have an existing one.